Pharmacovigilance knowledge, attitudes, and practices of pharmacists in Zawia (Libya)


  • Ebtesam A. Beshna Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Zawia- Libya.
  • Reem A. Ashour Department of clinical pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sabrata, Libya.
  • Najla A. Layas Department of Pharmaceutical Industry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Triple- Libya.
  • Najwa S. Eldawi Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Technology, University of Triple- Libya.



attitude, knowledge, pharmacists, pharmacovigilance, practices, Zawia pharmacists


Background: Pharmacovigilance (PV) programs play a crucial role in improving drug usage patterns by detecting and reporting side effects. However, underreporting of ADRs remains a significant challenge, emphasizing the importance of healthcare professionals' involvement in the success of PV initiatives.

Aim: The objective of this research was to evaluate the understanding, attitudes, and behaviors of pharmacists in Zawia, Libya, regarding pharmacovigilance and the reporting of adverse drug reactions.

Materials and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted over two months in May and June 2023. A validated questionnaire was utilized to gather data from Zawia pharmacists. The self-structured questionnaire consisted of 100 samples and was employed through interviews with the pharmacists.

Results: The questionnaire comprised three parts. The first part focused on the socio-demographic characteristics of Zawia pharmacists. The second part evaluated the pharmacists' comprehension of pharmacovigilance and adverse reactions using a set of nine items. The third part evaluated the pharmacists' attitudes and practices towards pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting with seven items.

Conclusion: The study revealed that Zawia pharmacists displayed insufficient knowledge and attitude toward pharmacovigilance. Despite possessing adequate knowledge about adverse reactions, their practices towards ADRs and pharmacovigilance were relatively poor. This highlights the need for targeted educational interventions and improved reporting systems to enhance pharmacists' involvement in pharmacovigilance programs and foster better ADR reporting practices. Ultimately, addressing these issues can contribute to the overall success of PV initiatives and promote safer drug usage in Zawia, Libya.


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How to Cite

Beshna, E., Ashour, R. A., Layas, N. A., & Eldawi, N. S. (2023). Pharmacovigilance knowledge, attitudes, and practices of pharmacists in Zawia (Libya). Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal, 2(2), 99–106.



Original Articles