Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self-Medication among Pharmacy University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in Zawia, Libya


  • Hana Smeda Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Zawia, Zawia, Libya
  • Nisreen Almakrabi Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Zawia, Zawia, Libya
  • Randa Hassan Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Zawia, Zawia, Libya
  • Saja Algool Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Zawia, Zawia, Libya




self-medication, Knowledge, Attitude, prevalence, university students, Libya



Background: The term "self-medication" describes the practice of using pharmaceuticals to address illnesses that the patient has self-diagnosed without seeking medical advice. Self-medication and excessive drug usage have detrimental effects on the economy and public health.

Objective: the objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of self-medication practices and to evaluate the current knowledge, attitude, and behavior regarding self-medication among Pharmacy School students in Zawia- Libya.


Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on Pharmacy School students. Participants were asked to answer closed-ended questions to evaluate their knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication.


Result: This study comprised of 254 students. The students were divided into five groups according to their grades. This research comprised of 254 students. The students were divided into five groups according to their grades. The majority of students (93.70%) utilized self-medication, and the rest of the students (6.30%) didn't use it. The majority of students (N=171, 71.84%) who self-medicated offered arguments for when going to the doctor wasn't necessary for mild ailments. Headache accounted for 183 cases (76.89%) of symptoms for which self-medication was used, followed by cough, cold, and sore throat in 157 cases (64.96%) and hyperthermia in 107 cases (44.95%). Analgesics (74.70%), and antibiotics (51.2%) were the most common self-medicated drug groups. A large percentage of students stated that they were aware of the need to read labels and package inserts and adhere to any directions that were included 199 (83.61%).

Conclusion: Students at Pharmacy School have a good knowledge and great perspective on self-medication and practice the right behaviors in self-medication.



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How to Cite

Smeda, H., Almakrabi, N., Hassan, R., & Algool, S. (2023). Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self-Medication among Pharmacy University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in Zawia, Libya. Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal, 2(4), 193–205. https://doi.org/10.55940/medphar202361